The pigeon Wing in focus
Not ignoring pedigree / gene
matching the wing by its complimentary differences to find a balance in everything. One cannot ignore
the size, length, weight and body capacity of the pigeon.
Although written in some detail this is not a complete study.
One third 2/3 wing structure (extended primary ratio, small back wing) vs less
such structure (focus
of larger floating area in the middle of the wing, more ideal for Scmdpr to ride the wind when the pigeon tires)
More louvered vs less louvered.
Little Louvered vs much louvers.
Extra Louvered between all primaries (open wing) vs no louvers (close wing)
Extra louver is often found from primaries 6-10 while primaries 1-5 is close. Very good one-day birds amongst them, but
must have some umbrella.
Will use Secondaries that Louvre’s a little but Avoid using when louver much
Umbrella vs flat wing – do not match 2 flat wings for One-day lofts competition.
Extended spanning of the wing (not referring to long wings, but any wing length), - is possible
when the wing joint at the shoulder and the connection at the hand swings a little further, think of a door that opens more
than necessary – it produces full use of the surface area of the wing - its said that the wing runs - it is
more notable in flatter wings
The focus point of the spanned wing should be at the tip of the first primary. – despite the presence of a step-up
or not – the spanned wing in a straight line at the wing tips place the focus point at all wingtips and burden the workload
of the outer 4 primaries. – that is why the primaries curve upwards during prolonged flight – more so in flat
wings with little louver – although most flat wings will turn upwards at the tips during prolonged flight that is why
a little umbrella / a little louver and rounding above the shoulder joint is needed.
A Rounded curve
of any degree at and along the top area of the shoulder joint produces lift, because the airflow moves faster over the wing
to catch with the airflow beneath the wing. – Its better found in umbrella wings – mating such wings with a flat
wing restores the balance both ways.
wings do not have speed and less so when they louver well in
most primaries, because they need thick air of a headwind
the put the airflow to good use, whereas flat closed wing type excels in a tail wind.
Some curving away
of outside 4 primaries vs less curve
Shorter 10th Primary
vs 8-10th outer primaries more equal in length.
A shorter 10th
primary is not a disqualification.
Some step-up up
to Primary vs no step.
Never mate 2 wings
both with extended step-ups to the primaries but successful where little step-up existed on both partners of a match.
Step down to secondaries
is a disqualification. (so called Sparrow wing)
two flat long wings as a rule. They produce a slower working action.
tips (the English/ Scottish trait) vs rounder wing tips (the Belgium trait)
Narrow wing flights of
the outer primaries vs broader flights
Some to an extended
gap between the secondaries and primaries is not a disqualification, but I try not to mate them to each other as the gap can
become too large.
a must to have an extended closure of the secondaries over the 1st
primary flight - despite the fact that it appeared
in good pigeons it’s rather a
Shorter arm vs
Extra – shot
arm vs long arm
Long arms produce
too long arms.
Arm bone with some
embalming muscle extending from the greater pectorals vs less muscle – good if there is some flesh on the wing
Coverage of the
secondaries over the back needs not to be extended – many fanciers open the wing wrong to study the coverage anyway.
Zero coverage of
the secondaries over the back is not a disqualification if the wing-body-connection is perfect.
If the wing-body-connection
is very wrong I do not use the pigeon. Follow the natural movement, pull and stretch of the wing and angle it sways when opened
a little and slowly extended – the muscle contraction – positioning of the bones and ligaments must function in
harmony to produce the proper use of airflow and stay in flight with ease – and compliment the aerodynamic contours
of the body.
Think of the wing-body-connection
of various aircrafts and harmony of its wing designs and positioning.
it’s an intensive
study mastered by experience and perfected by patience only.